grunt-githooks

2019-09-11

grunt-githooks是什么

什么是grunt-githooks,A Grunt plugin to help bind Grunt tasks to Git hooks

grunt-githooks使用教程帮助文档

grunt-githooks v0.6.0

Build StatusCode ClimateDownloads per Month

A Grunt plugin to help bind Grunt tasks to Git hooks

Getting Started

This plugin requires at least Grunt ~0.4.1

If you haven't used Gruntbefore, be sure to check out the Getting Startedguide, as it explains how to create a Gruntfileas well as install and use Grunt plugins. Once you're familiar with that process, you may install this plugin with this command:

npm install grunt-githooks --save-dev

Once the plugin has been installed, it may be enabled inside your Gruntfile with this line of JavaScript:

grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-githooks');

The "githooks" task

Overview

In your project's Gruntfile, add a section named githooksto the data object passed into grunt.initConfig().

grunt.initConfig({
  githooks: {
    options: {
      // Task-specific options go here.
    },
    all: {
      options: {
        // Target-specific options go here
      },
      // Hook definitions go there
    }
  },
})

Defining a few hooks

Hooks are listed as keys of your target configuration. Any key other than optionsis considered the name of a hook you want to create. The simplest way to define a hook is to provide a space-separated list of the tasks you want the hook to run as the value.

For example:

grunt.initConfig({
  githooks: {
    all: {
      // Will create `./git/hooks/pre-commit` file which will be used at every commit,
      // so that to run the `jshint` and `test:unit` tasks before commit really happen.
      'pre-commit': 'jshint test:unit',
    }
  }
});

The plugin warns you if the name matches one of the hooks announced in the Git documentation. It will still create the hook, though, in case Git introduces new hooks in the future.

Hook specific options

If you need to override a few options for a given hook only, you can use an Object instead of a String. The taskNamesproperty will then correspond to the tasks you want to run. Any other key will be merged into the options.

grunt.initConfig({
  githooks: {
    all: {
      options: {
        template: 'path/to/a/template'
      },
      // Will bind the jshint and test:unit tasks
      // with the template specified above
      'pre-commit': 'jshint test:unit',

      // Will bind the bower:install task
      // with a specific template
      'post-merge': {
        taskNames: 'bower:install',
        template: 'path/to/another/template'
      }
    }
  }
})

Working with existing hooks

If you happen to have existing hooks in your hook folder, the plugin appends the code launching Gruntat the end of your hooks. You can also insert marker comments in your hooks to specify exactly where you want them inserted. Your existing hook would look something like this:

// Some code run before Grunt starts

// GRUNT-GITHOOKS START // GRUNT-GITHOOKS END

// Some code run after Grunt starts

The markers get automatically inserted when the plugin appends code, so hooks get updated cleanly the next time you run grunt githooks.

Customising hook output

By default, the plugin generate NodeJS scripts for the hooks. Reasoning behind this is that creating Shell scripts won't work well for people using Windows. Plus, NodeJS is already installed as Grunt kinda needs it. However, you're not tied to it and you can customise the generated script entirely. In case of a Shell script:

grunt.initConfig({
  githooks: {
    all: {
      options: {
        // Customize the hashbang to say 'Shell script'
        hashbang: '#!/bin/sh',
        // Plugin comes in with a sheel script template already. Handy, innit?
        template: './node_modules/grunt-githooks/templates/shell.hb',
        // Customize the markers so comments start with #
        startMarker: '## LET THE FUN BEGIN',
        endMarker: '## PARTY IS OVER'
      }
    }
  }
});

In the template, you've got access to the following variables:

  • _hook_: Stringwith the name of the current hook
  • _command_: Stringwith the name of the command to run
  • _task_: Stringwith the name of the tasks to be run
  • _args_: Stringwith the list of arguments to provide to the task
  • _gruntfileDirectory_: Absolute path to the directory containing the Gruntfile
  • _preventExit_: Flag telling if the hook should avoid exiting after the grunt task
  • _options_: The options provided to the grunt-githooks task to create this hook

Extending the plugin

Pretty annoying when you're using a library that's missing the exact extension point you need to tweak its functionalities? grunt-githooksis based on a lot of small functions and most of them are exposed so you can override them. If you need feel, free to tinker with the internals (at your own risk though ;)). Could be something along:

var gruntGithooks = require('grunt-githooks/tasks/githooks');

var originalFunction = gruntGithooks.internals.Hook.prototype.getHookContent;
gruntGithooks.internals.Hook.prototype.getHookContent = function () {
  console.log('Loading content of an existing hook');
  originalFunction.apply(this, arguments);
};

Options

command

Type: StringDefaults: grunt

The command that will be run by the hook. This has initially been introduced to allow specifying the full path to Grunt in some specific cases. It can also allow you to run another command than Grunt if you need.

taskNames

Type: String

A space separated list of tasks that will be run by the hook.

args

Type: String

Additional CLI arguments to be passed to the command run by the hook.

hashbang

Type: StringDefaults: '#!/usr/bin/env node'

The hashbang that will be used at the top of the hook script file. If a hook already exist, the hashbang will be used to check if its ok to append/insert code in it (to avoid inserting Node code in a Python hook for example).

template

Type: String

Path to the Handlebars template used to generate the code that will run Grunt in the hook. Default template is the node.js.hbfile located in the templatesfolder of the plugin. It also contains a shell.hbfile with the template for a shell script hook.

Note: Handlebars escapes HTML special characters if you use only two curly braces to insert a variable in your template. Make sure you use three {{{my_var}}}if you need to insert variable that contains quotes, chevrons or anything that would be HTML escaped

startMarker

Type: StringDefault: '// GRUNT-GITHOOKS START'

endMarker

Type: StringDefault: '// GRUNT-GITHOOKS END'

startMarkerand endMarkerare markers the plugin use to know where to insert code if a hook already exist. If the existing hook doesn't have these markers, the code will simply be appended.

preventExit

Type: BooleanDefault false

By default, the inserted code will exit the process after Grunt has run, using a -1 exit code if the task(s) failed. If you're inserting the code running Grunt in the middle of an existing hook, you might want to disable this so any code after what was inserted by the plugin runs.

dest

Type: StringDefault value: '.git/hooks'

This option allows you to choose in which directory the hooks should be generated. Comes in handy if your Gruntfile is not at the root of your Git project.

Contributing

In lieu of a formal style-guide, take care to maintain the existing coding style. Please file a Pull Request along your issues.

  • Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality.
  • Lint and test your code using Grunt.
  • Keep the line length at 80-100 characters per line.

File a Pull Request

The process actually is quite simple:

  1. Please check out your changes on a separate branch named issue-{$integer}and commit against that one.
  2. When your tests pass and are green, merge to devusing --no-ffso we have a separate commit for that merge.
  3. After the review on dev, we can merge to master, again using --no-ff.
  4. The merge to masterwill get tagged. We use the SemVer standard, so noleading v.

If your PR is successful, you will get added as contributor to the repo. We trust you after your first PR made it into the repo and you then have access for further changes, handling issues, etc. So the importantthing is to add your name to the package.jsonarray of contributorswhen changing or adding some code for a PR. Please do that in a separate commit.

Release History

See Changelogfor details or the Release list- (see latestfor recent updates).


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