fela

2019-08-22

State-Driven Styling in JavaScript

Fela

Fela is a small, high-performant and framework-agnostic toolbelt to handle state-driven styling in JavaScript.
It is dynamic by design and renders your styles depending on your application state.

It generates atomic CSS and supports all common CSS features such as media queries, pseudo classes, keyframes and font-faces. Fela ships with a powerful plugin API adding e.g. vendor prefixingor fallback valuesupport.

Fela can be used with Reactor with any other view library. It even supports React Native.

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Support Us

Support Robin Frischmann's work on Fela and its ecosystem directly via Patreon.

Installation

yarn add fela

You may alternatively use npm i --save fela.

Benefits

  • Predictable Styling
  • Scoped Atomic CSS
  • Minimal Bundle Size
  • No Specificity Issues
  • No Naming Conflicts
  • Framework-Agnostic
  • Huge Ecosystem
  • i18n Support

The Gist

Fela's core principle is to consider style as a function of state.
The whole API and all plugins and bindings are built on that idea.
It is reactive and auto-updates once registered to the DOM.

The following example illustrates the key parts of Fela though it only shows the very basics.

import { createRenderer } from 'fela'

// a simple style rule is a pure function of state
// that returns an object of style declarations
const rule = state => ({
  textAlign: 'center',
  padding: '5px 10px',
  // directly use the state to compute style values
  fontSize: state.fontSize + 'pt',
  borderRadius: 5,
  // deeply nest media queries and pseudo classes
  ':hover': {
    fontSize: state.fontSize + 2 + 'pt',
    boxShadow: '0 0 2px rgb(70, 70, 70)'
  }
})


const renderer = createRenderer()

// fela generates atomic CSS classes in order to achieve
// maximal style reuse and minimal CSS output
const className = renderer.renderRule(rule, {
  fontSize: 14
}) // =>  a b c d e f

The generated CSS output would look like this:

.a { text-align: center }
.b { padding: 5px 10px }
.c { font-size: 14pt }
.d { border-radius: 5px }
.e:hover { font-size: 16pt }
.f:hover { box-shadow: 0 0 2px rgb(70, 70, 70) }

Primitive Components

If you're using Fela, you're most likely also using React.
Using the React bindings, you get powerful APIs to create primitive components.

Read: Usage with Reactfor a full guide.

import React from 'react'
import { FelaProvider, useFela } from 'react-fela'
import { createRenderer } from 'fela';
import { render } from 'react-dom'

const rule = state => ({
  textAlign: 'center',
  padding: '5px 10px',
  // directly use the state to compute style values
  fontSize: state.fontSize + 'pt',
  borderRadius: 5,
  // deeply nest media queries and pseudo classes
  ':hover': {
    fontSize: state.fontSize + 2 + 'pt',
    boxShadow: '0 0 2px rgb(70, 70, 70)'
  }
})

const Button = ({ children, ...props }) => {
  const { css } = useFela(props)

  <button className={css(rule)}>
    {children}
  </button>
}

const renderer = createRenderer()

render(
  <Provider renderer={renderer}>
    <>
      <Button>Basic Button</Button>
      <Button fontSize={18}>Big Button</Button>
    </>
  </Provider>,
  document.body
)

Examples

Documentation

Workshop

If you are coming from CSS and want to learn JavaScript Styling with Fela, there is a full-feature fela-workshopwhich demonstrates typical Fela use cases. It teaches all important parts, step by step with simple examples. If you already know other CSS in JS solutions and are just switching to Fela, you might not need to do the whole workshop, but it still provides useful information to get started quickly.

Talks

Posts

Ecosystem

There are tons of useful packages maintained within this repository including plugins, enhancers, bindings and tools that can be used together with Fela. Check the Ecosystemdocumentation for a quick overview.

Community

Apart from all the packages managed within this repository, there are many community third-party projects that are worth mentioning:

Support

Got a question? Come and join us on Spectrum!
We'd love to help out. We also highly appreciate any feedback.
Don't want to miss any update? Follow us on Twitter.

Who's using Fela?

Your company is using Fela, but is not listed yet? Add your company / organisation

Contributing

This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute.

We highly appreciate any contribution.
For more information follow the contribution guide.
Also, please read our code of conduct.

License

Fela is licensed under the MIT License.
Documentation is licensed under Creative Common License.
Created with ♥ by @robinweserand all the great contributors.

Repository

https://github.com/robinweser/fela/


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