jsonref

2019-08-15 admin

jsonref是什么

什么是jsonref,Javascript References ($ref) and Pointers library

jsonref使用教程帮助文档

jsonref

A simple Javascript library implementing the JSON Reference and the JSON Pointer specifications.

travis build Coverage Status npm version

Install

$ npm install jsonref

parse(dataOrUri [, options])

  • dataOrUri, the data to parse or a fully qualified URI to pass to retriever to download the data
  • options (optional), parsing options, the following optional properties are supported:
    • scope, the current resolution scope (base href) of URLs and paths.
    • store, an object to use to cache resolved id and $ref values. If no store is passed, one is automatically created. Pass a store if you are going to parse several objects or URIs referencing the same id and $ref values.
    • retriever, a function accepting a URL in input and returning a promise resolved to an object representing the data downloaded for the URI. Whenever a $ref to a new URI is found, if the URI is not already cached in the store in use, it’ll be fetched using this retriever. If not retriever is passed and a URI needs to be downloaded, a no_retriever exception is thrown.

The function returns a Promise resolving to the parsed data, with all $ref instances resolved.

Sample browser-friendly retriever using fetch

function retriever(url) {
  var opts = {
    method: 'GET',
    credentials: 'include'
  };
  return fetch(url, opts).then(function(response) {
    return response.json();
  });
}

Sample node.js retriever using request

var request = require('request');

function retriever(url) {
  return new Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
    request({
      url: url,
      method: 'GET',
      json: true
    }, function(err, response, data) {
      if (err) {
        reject(err);
      } else if (response.statusCode !== 200) {
        reject(response.statusCode);
      } else {
        resolve(data);
      }
    });
  });
}

pointer(data, path [, value])

  • data, the object to transverse using JSON Pointer.
  • path, either a string (#/prop1/prop2) or an array of path components ([ "#", "prop1", "prop2" ] or [ "prop1", "prop2" ]).
  • value, optional, value to set at path. All missing intermediate path levels are created as well.

Returns the data requested or sets a new value at the specified path

Examples

Parsing an object with no external references

var jsonref = require('jsonref');

var schema = {
  "id": "http://my.site/myschema#",
  "definitions": {
    "schema1": {
      "id": "schema1",
      "type": "integer"
    },
    "schema2": {
      "type": "array",
      "items": { "$ref": "schema1" }
    }
  }
}

jsonref.parse(schema).then(function(result) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(result, null, 2));
});

The output is:

{
  "id": "http://my.site/myschema#",
  "definitions": {
    "schema1": {
      "id": "schema1",
      "type": "integer"
    },
    "schema2": {
      "type": "array",
      "items": {
        "id": "schema1",
        "type": "integer"
      }
    }
  }
}

Parsing an object with external references

var jsonref = require('jsonref');

var schema = {
  "allOf": [
    { "$ref": "http://json-schema.org/draft-04/schema#" },
    {
      "type": "object",
      "properties": {
        "documentation": {
          "type": "string"
        }
      }
    }
  ]
}

jsonref.parse(schema, {
  retriever: retriever
}).then(function(result) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(result, null, 2));
});

The library will call retriever("http://json-schema.org/draft-04/schema#") to download the external reference. If no retriever is passed, the returned value is a rejected Promise, with a no_retriever exception.

Parsing an object using a custom store

var jsonref = require('jsonref');

var store = {};
var schema = {
  "id": "http://my.site/myschema#",
  "definitions": {
    "schema1": {
      "id": "schema1",
      "type": "integer"
    },
    "schema2": {
      "type": "array",
      "items": { "$ref": "schema1" }
    }
  }
}

jsonref.parse(schema, {
  store: store
}).then(function(result) {
  console.log(JSON.stringify(result, null, 2));
});

After parsing, the contents of the store are:

{
  "http://my.site/myschema#": {
    "id": "http://my.site/myschema#",
    "definitions": {
      "schema1": {
        "id": "schema1",
        "type": "integer"
      },
      "schema2": {
        "type": "array",
        "items": {
          "id": "schema1",
          "type": "integer"
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "http://my.site/schema1#": {
    "id": "schema1",
    "type": "integer"
  }
}

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