webpack-egoist

2019-06-12

Packs CommonJs/AMD modules for the browser. Allows to split your codebase into multiple bundles, which can be loaded on demand. Support loaders to preprocess files, i.e. json, jsx, es7, css, less, ... and your custom stuff.

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webpack

webpack is a module bundler. Its main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.

Install

npm install --save-dev webpack

Introduction

The README reflects webpack v2.x, webpack v1.x documentation can be found here.

webpack is a bundler for modules. The main purpose is to bundle JavaScript files for usage in a browser, yet it is also capable of transforming, bundling, or packaging just about any resource or asset.

TL;DR

  • Bundles ES Modules, CommonJSand AMDmodules (even combined).
  • Can create a single bundle or multiple chunks that are asynchronously loaded at runtime (to reduce initial loading time).
  • Dependencies are resolved during compilation, reducing the runtime size.
  • Loaders can preprocess files while compiling, e.g. TypeScript to JavaScript, Handlebars strings to compiled functions, images to Base64, etc.
  • Highly modular plugin system to do whatever else your application requires.

Get Started

Check out webpack's quick Get Startedguide and the other guides.

Concepts

Plugins

webpack has a rich plugin interface. Most of the features within webpack itself use this plugin interface. This makes webpack very flexible.

NameStatusDescription
common-chunks-webpack-plugincommon-npmGenerates chunks of common modules shared between entry points and splits them into separate bundles (e.g vendor.bundle.js && app.bundle.js)
extract-text-webpack-pluginextract-npmExtracts Text (CSS) from your bundles into a separate file (app.bundle.css)
component-webpack-plugincomponent-npmUse components with webpack
compression-webpack-plugincompression-npmPrepare compressed versions of assets to serve them with Content-Encoding
i18n-webpack-plugini18n-npmAdds i18n support to your bundles
html-webpack-pluginhtml-plugin-npmSimplifies creation of HTML files (index.html) to serve your bundles

Loaders

webpack enables use of loaders to preprocess files. This allows you to bundle any static resourceway beyond JavaScript. You can easily write your own loadersusing Node.js.

Loaders are activated by using loadername!prefixes in require()statements, or are automatically applied via regex from your webpack configuration.

Files

NameStatusDescription
raw-loaderraw-npmLoads raw content of a file (utf-8)
val-loaderval-npmExecutes code as module and consider exports as JS code
url-loaderurl-npmWorks like the file loader, but can return a Data Url if the file is smaller than a limit
file-loaderfile-npmEmits the file into the output folder and returns the (relative) url

JSON

NameStatusDescription
json-npmLoads a JSON file (included by default)
json5-npmLoads and transpiles a JSON 5 file
cson-npmLoads and transpiles a CSON file

Transpiling

NameStatusDescription
<script>script-npmExecutes a JavaScript file once in global context (like in script tag), requires are not parsed
babel-npmLoads ES2015+ code and transpiles to ES5 using Babel
traceur-npmLoads ES2015+ code and transpiles to ES5 using Traceur
type-npmLoads TypeScript like JavaScript
coffee-npmLoads CoffeeScript like JavaScript

Templating

NameStatusDescription
html-npmExports HTML as string, require references to static resources
pug-npmLoads Pug templates and returns a function
jade-npmLoads Jade templates and returns a function
md-npmCompiles Markdown to HTML
posthtml-npmLoads and transforms a HTML file using PostHTML
hbs-npmCompiles Handlebars to HTML

Styling

NameStatusDescription
<style>style-npmAdd exports of a module as style to DOM
css-npmLoads CSS file with resolved imports and returns CSS code
less-npmLoads and compiles a LESS file
sass-npmLoads and compiles a SASS/SCSS file
stylus-npmLoads and compiles a Stylus file
postcss-npmLoads and transforms a CSS/SSS file using PostCSS

Linting && Testing

NameStatusDescription
mocha-npmTests with mocha (Browser/NodeJS)
eslint-npmPreLoader for linting code using ESLint
jshint-npmPreLoader for linting code using JSHint
jscs-npmPreLoader for code style checking using JSCS

Frameworks

NameStatusDescription
vue-npmLoads and compiles Vue Components
polymer-npmProcess HTML & CSS with preprocessor of choice and require()Web Components like first-class modules
angular-npmLoads and compiles Angular 2 Components

Performance

webpack uses async I/O and has multiple caching levels. This makes webpack fast and incredibly faston incremental compilations.

Module Formats

webpack supports ES2015+, CommonJS and AMD modules out of the box. It performs clever static analysis on the AST of your code. It even has an evaluation engine to evaluate simple expressions. This allows you to support most existing librariesout of the box.

Code Splitting

webpack allows you to split your codebase into multiple chunks. Chunks are loaded asynchronously at runtime. This reduces the initial loading time.

Optimizations

webpack can do many optimizations to reduce the output size of your JavaScriptby deduplicating frequently used modules, minifying, and giving you full control of what is loaded initially and what is loaded at runtime through code splitting. It can also make your code chunks cache friendlyby using hashes.

Contributing

Most of the time, if webpack is not working correctly for you it is a simple configuration issue.

If you are still having difficulty after looking over your configuration carefully, please post a question to StackOverflow with the webpack tag. Questions that include your webpack.config.js and relevant files are more likely to receive responses.

If you have discovered a bug or have a feature suggestion, feel free to create an issue on Github.

If you create a loader or plugin, please consider open sourcing it, putting it on npm and following the x-loader, x-webpack-pluginconvention.

You are also welcome to correct any spelling mistakes or any language issues.

If you want to discuss something or just need help, here is our Gitter room.

Core Team


Tobias Koppers

Core


Founder of webpack


Johannes Ewald

Loaders & Plugins


Early adopter of webpack


Sean T. Larkin

Public Relations


Founder of the core team


Juho Vepsäläinen

Documentation


Author

Webpack

Kees Kluskens

Development



Sponsor

Sponsoring

Most of the core team members, webpack contributors and contributors in the ecosystem do this open source work in their free time. If you use webpack for a serious task, and you'd like us to invest more time on it, please donate. This project increases your income/productivity too. It makes development and applications faster and it reduces the required bandwidth.

This is how we use the donations:

  • Allow the core team to work on webpack
  • Thank contributors if they invested a large amount of time in contributing
  • Support projects in the ecosystem that are of great value for users
  • Support projects that are voted most (work in progress)
  • Infrastructure cost
  • Fees for money handling

Early Backers and Sponsors

We had other sources of donations before starting to use OpenCollective. We want to acknowledge these early sponsors and backers, but donations were not public and we are not sure of donors want to stay anonymous. So if you want to be in this list, just drop @sokra a note via mail (t____.k____@gmail.com, insert fullname here).

Sponsors

Become a sponsorand get your logo on our README on Github with a link to your site.

Backers

Become a backerand get your image on our README on Github with a link to your site.

Thanks to

(In chronological order)

  • @google for Google Web Toolkit (GWT), which aims to compile Java to JavaScript. It features a similar Code Splittingas webpack.
  • @medikoo for modules-webmake, which is a similar project. webpack was born because I wanted Code Splitting for modules-webmake. Interestingly the Code Splitting issue is still open(thanks also to @Phoscur for the discussion).
  • @substack for browserify, which is a similar project and source for many ideas.
  • @jrburke for require.js, which is a similar project and source for many ideas.
  • @defunctzombie for the browser-field spec, which makes modules available for node.js, browserify and webpack.
  • Every early webpack user, which contributed to webpack by writing issues or PRs. You influenced the direction...
  • @shama, @jhnns and @sokra for maintaining this project
  • Everyone who has written a loader for webpack. You are the ecosystem...
  • Everyone I forgot to mention here, but also influenced webpack.

HomePage

https://github.com/webpack/webpack

Repository

https://github.com/webpack/webpack.git


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