node-enumerable

2019-06-12 admin

node-enumerable是什么

什么是node-enumerable,ES6 ready LINQ features written in TypeScript

node-enumerable使用教程帮助文档

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node-enumerable

ES6 ready LINQ library written in TypeScript.

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Table of contents

  1. Requirements
  2. Installation
    • NodeJS
    • Browser
  3. Usage
    • Create a sequence
    • Work with them
      • Async operations
  4. Playground / demos
  5. Examples
    • Filters
    • Sort elements
    • Take / skip elements
    • Get one element
    • Accumulators
    • Minimum / maximum values
    • Joins
    • Groupings
    • Projection
    • Checks / conditions
    • Conversions
    • Count
    • Math
    • More
      • assert
      • chunk
      • clone
      • concat / concatArray
      • consume
      • defaultIfEmpty / defaultArrayIfEmpty
      • forAll
      • intersperse / intersperseArray
      • pipe
      • popFrom / shiftFrom
      • prepend / prependArray
      • pushTo
      • random
      • reset
      • trace
  6. Documentation
  7. License
  8. Tests

Requirements [↑]

Installation [↑]

NodeJS [↑]

Run

npm install node-enumerable --save

inside project folder to install the module.

Browser [↑]

Download the latest version from here.

<html>
  <head>
    <!-- node-enumerable -->
    <script type="text/javascript" src="js/enumerable.js"></script>
  </head>

  <body>
    <script type="text/javascript">

        // test code

        let seq = Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3);

        for (let item of seq) {
            alert(item);
        }

    </script>
  </body>
</html>

Usage [↑]

Create a sequence [↑]

const Enumerable = require('node-enumerable');

function *testGenerator() {
    yield 111;
    yield 222;
    yield 333;
}

// from a list of values / objects with variable length
let seq1 = Enumerable.create(1, 'MK', true, null, {});

// from an array
let seq2 = Enumerable.from([11, 22, 33, 44]);
// from a generator
let seq3 = Enumerable.from( testGenerator() );
// from a string
// 
// 'A', 'j', 'n', 'a', 't'
let seq4 = Enumerable.from('Ajnat');  // alt: Enumerable.fromString('Ajnat');

// range of numbers: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
let seq5 = Enumerable.range(2, 5);

// 5979 'TM' strings
let seq6 = Enumerable.repeat('TM', 5979);

// build, using factory function
// 
// 'item_1', 'item_2', 'item_3'
let seq7 = Enumerable.build((cancel, index) => {
    if (index < 3) {
        return 'item_' + (index + 1);
    }
    else {
        cancel();  // we tell that we
                   // want to cancel here
    }
});

// build, using factory function
// by building a flatten list
// 
// 1, 10, 100, 2, 20, 200, 3, 30, 300
let seq8 = Enumerable.buildMany((cancel, index) => {
    let n = index + 1;

    return [ n, n * 10, n * 100 ];
}, 3);  // create 3 elements
        // 
        // the 'build()' function has
        // a same argument

// create empty sequence
let seq9 = Enumerable.empty();

Work with them [↑]

let seq = Enumerable.create(5979, 23979, null, '23979', 1781, 241279);

let newSeq = seq.where((x) => x !== null)  // remove all elements that are (null)
                .skip(1)  // skip one element (5979)
                .take(3)  // take next remaining 3 elements (23979, 23979, 1781)
                .distinct()  // remove duplicates
                .select((x) => "" + x)  // convert to strings
                .order();  // order by element ascending

// you also can use the
// 'each' and 'forEach' methods
// of the sequence to do the
// following job
for (let item of newSeq) {
    // [0] 1781
    // [1] 23979
    console.log(item);
}

Most methods are chainable as in .NET context.

Async operations [↑]

const FS = require('fs');
const Path = require('path');

let seq = Enumerable.create('file1.txt', 'file2.txt', 'file3.txt', 'file4.txt');

seq.async((context) => {
    if (context.isFirst) {
        context.result = 0;  // initialize a counter
                             // value for the result
                             // s. 'counter' parameter
                             // of then() method below
    }

    // [0] file1.txt
    // [1] file2.txt
    // [2] file3.txt
    // [3] file4.txt
    let fileName = context.item;

    let fullPath = Path.join(__dirname, fileName);

    if (context.index < 2) {
        FS.readFile(fullPath, (err, data) => {
            if (err) {
                context.reject(err);  // has to be called if action
                                      // FAILED with the error object
                                      // or value as argument
            }
            else {
                ++context.result;  // update counter value
                                   // for the result
                                   // s. 'counter' of then()
                                   // method below

                context.resolve();  // has to be invoked if
                                    // invocation was SUCCESSFUL
            }
        });
    }
    else {
        context.cancel();  // cancel at 3rd element
    }
}).then((counter) => {
    // OK

    console.log('Number of loaded files: ' + counter);  // 2
}).catch((err) => {
    console.log('One action failed: ' + err);
});

The context argument of the async() method uses the AsyncActionContext interface.

Playground / demos [↑]

You can test all features in your browser.

Examples [↑]

Filters [↑]

// distinct()
// 1, 2, 4, 3
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 4, 2, 3)
          .distinct();
// distinctBy()
// "grape", "passionfruit", "banana", "raspberry"
Enumerable.create("grape", "passionfruit", "banana", "mango", 
                  "orange", "raspberry", "apple", "blueberry")
          .distinctBy(x => x.length);

// except()
// 2.0, 2.1, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5
Enumerable.create(2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 2.5)
          .except([2.2]); 

// intersect()
// 26, 30
Enumerable.create(44, 26, 92, 30, 71, 38)
          .intersect([30, 59, 83, 47, 26, 4, 3]);

// ofType()
// '5979', 'Tanja'
Enumerable.create(1, '5979', 2, 'Tanja', 3)
          .ofType('string');  // typeof x === 'string'

// union()
// 5, 3, 9, 7, 8, 6, 4, 1, 0
Enumerable.create(5, 3, 9, 7, 5, 9, 3, 7)
          .union([8, 3, 6, 4, 4, 9, 1, 0]);

// where()
// 1, 2, 3
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
          .where((x) => x < 4);

Sort elements [↑]

// orderBy(), thenBy()
//
// "apple", "grape", "mango", "banana",
// "orange", "blueberry", "raspberry", "passionfruit"
Enumerable.create("grape", "passionfruit", "banana", "mango", 
                  "orange", "raspberry", "apple", "blueberry")
          .orderBy((x) => x.length)  // complement: orderByDescending()
          .thenBy((x) => x);  // complement: thenByDescending()
                              // shorter: then()

// reverse()
// 4, 3, 2, 1
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
          .reverse();

// rand()
// e.g.: 2, 5, 7, 8, 0, 4, 6, 9, 3, 1
Enumerable.range(0, 10)
          .rand();  // alt: shuffle()

Take / skip elements [↑]

// skip()
// 3, 4
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2, 3, 4)
          .skip(3);

// skipLast()
// 0, 1, 2, 3
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2, 3, 4)
          .skipLast();

// skipWhile()
// 55, 666, 77
Enumerable.create(22, 33, 44, 55, 666, 77)
          .skipWhile((x) => x < 50);

// take()
// 0, 1, 2
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2, 3, 4)
          .take(3);

// takeWhile()
// 22, 33, 44
Enumerable.create(22, 33, 44, 55)
          .takeWhile((x) => x < 50);

Get one element [↑]

// elementAt()
// 33
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33, 44)
          .elementAt(2);

// elementAtOrDefault()
// 'TM'
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33, 44)
          .elementAtOrDefault(4, 'TM');  // out of range

// first()
// 11
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33, 44)
          .first();

// firstOrDefault()
// 'MK'
Enumerable.create()
          .firstOrDefault('MK');

// last()
// 44
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33, 44)
          .last();

// lastOrDefault()
// 'PZ'
Enumerable.create()
          .lastOrDefault('PZ');

// single()
// EXCEPTION, because we have more than one element
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33, 44)
          .single();

// singleOrDefault()
// 11
Enumerable.create(11)
          .singleOrDefault('YS');

All methods with NO OrDefault suffix will throw exceptions if no element was found.

You also can use a function as first argument for all of these methods that works as filter / condition:

// first()
// 22
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33, 44)
          .first((x) => x >= 20);

Accumulators [↑]

// aggregate()
// " Marcel Joachim Kloubert"
Enumerable.create('Marcel', 'Joachim', 'Kloubert')
          .aggregate((accumulator, item) => {
                         return accumulator += ' ' + item;
                     }, '');

// average()
// 2.5
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
          .average();

// "M., Tanja"
Enumerable.create('M.', 'Tanja')
          .joinToString(', ');

Minimum / maximum values [↑]

// max()
// 3
Enumerable.create(1, 3, 2)
          .max(); 

// min()
// 1
Enumerable.create(2, 3, 1, 2)
          .min();

Joins [↑]

class Person {
    constructor(name: string) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public name: string;
}

class Pet {
    constructor(name: string, owner: Person) {
        this.name = name;
        this.owner = owner;
    }

    public name: string;
    public owner: Person;
}

let persons = [
    new Person("Tanja"),
    new Person("Marcel"),
    new Person("Yvonne"),
    new Person("Josefine")
];

let pets = [
    new Pet("Gina", persons[1]),
    new Pet("Schnuffi", persons[1]),
    new Pet("Schnuffel", persons[2]),
    new Pet("WauWau", persons[0]),
    new Pet("Lulu", persons[3]),
    new Pet("Asta", persons[1]),
];

// groupJoin()
// 
// [0] 'Owner: Tanja; Pets: WauWau, Sparky'
// [1] 'Owner: Marcel; Pets: Gina, Schnuffi, Asta'
// [2] 'Owner: Yvonne; Pets: Schnuffel'
// [3] 'Owner: Josefine; Pets: Lulu'
Enumerable.from(persons)
          .groupJoin(pets,
                     (person) => person.name,
                     (pet) => pet.owner.name,
                     (person, petsOfPerson) => {
                         let petList = petsOfPerson
                             .select(pet => pet.name)
                             .joinToString(', ');

                         return 'Owner: ' + person.name + '; Pets: ' + petList;
                     });

// join()
// 
// [0] 'Owner: Tanja; Pet: WauWau'
// [1] 'Owner: Marcel; Pet: Gina'
// [2] 'Owner: Marcel; Pet: Schnuffi'
// [3] 'Owner: Marcel; Pet: Asta'
// [4] 'Owner: Yvonne; Pet: Schnuffel'
// [5] 'Owner: Josefine; Pet: Lulu'
Enumerable.from(persons)
          .join(pets,
                (person) => person.name,
                (pet) => pet.owner.name,
                (person, pet) => {
                    return 'Owner: ' + person.name + '; Pet: ' + pet.name;
                });

Groupings [↑]

// groupBy()
Enumerable.create("grape", "passionfruit", "blueberry",
                  "apple", "banana")
          .groupBy(fruit => fruit[0].toLowerCase())
          .each((grouping) => {
                    // grouping[0].key = 'g'
                    // grouping[0][0] = 'grape'

                    // grouping[1].key = 'p'
                    // grouping[1][0] = 'passionfruit'

                    // grouping[2].key = 'b'
                    // grouping[2][0] = 'blueberry'
                    // grouping[2][1] = 'banana'

                    // grouping[3].key = 'a'
                    // grouping[3][0] = 'apple'
                });

Projection [↑]

// flatten()
// 1, (false), 3, 44, '555', 66.6, (true)
Enumerable.from( [ [ 1, false, 3 ], 44, [ '555', 66.6, true ] ] )
          .flatten();

// select()
// "MARCEL", "KLOUBERT"
Enumerable.create("Marcel", "Kloubert")
          .select(x => x.toUpperCase());

// selectMany()
// 1, 10, 100, 2, 20, 200, 3, 30, 300
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3)
          .selectMany(x => [ x, x * 10, x * 100 ]);

// zip()
// "Marcel Kloubert", "Bill Gates", "Albert Einstein"
Enumerable.create('Marcel', 'Bill', 'Albert')
          .zip(['Kloubert', 'Gates', 'Einstein', 'Adenauer'],
               (firstName, lastName) => {
                   return `${firstName} ${lastName}`;
               });

Checks / conditions [↑]

// all()
// (false)
Enumerable.create(1, 2, '3', 4)
          .all((x) => typeof x !== "string");

// any()
// (true)
Enumerable.create(1, 2, '3', 4)
          .any((x) => typeof x === "string");

// contains()
// (true)
Enumerable.create(1, 2, '3')
          .contains(3);

// not()
// 1, 2, 4
Enumerable.create(1, 2, '3', 4)
          .not((x) => typeof x === "string");

// sequenceEqual()
// (false)         
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3)
          .sequenceEqual([1, 3, 2]);

Conversions [↑]

// toArray()
let jsArray = Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
                        .toArray();

// toObject()
let obj = Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
                    .toObject((item, index) => "item" + index);  

// toLookup()
// 
// lookup['A'][0] = 'Albert'
// lookup['B'][0] = 'Bill'
// lookup['B'][1] = 'barney'
// lookup['K'][0] = 'Konrad'
// lookup['M'][0] = 'Marcel'
let lookup = Enumerable.create('Bill', 'Marcel', 'barney', 'Albert', 'Konrad')
                       .toLookup(x => x[0].toUpperCase());

Count [↑]

// 3
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2)
          .count();  // a second call will return 0
                     // if reset() method is not called

// 2
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2)
          .count((x) => x > 0);

// 4
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33, 44)
          .length();  // a second call will return
                      // the same value, because we have an array
                      // based sequence here
                      //
                      // a generator based sequence will behave as count()

// (false)
Enumerable.create(111, 222, 333)
          .isEmpty();

// all are (false)
Enumerable.isNullOrEmpty(
    Enumerable.create(1111, 2222, 3333)
);
Enumerable.isUndefinedNullOrEmpty(
    Enumerable.create(11111, 22222, 33333)
);
Enumerable.isUndefinedNullOrEmpty(
    Enumerable.create(0, true, false)
);

Math [↑]

// abs()
// 1, 22.57, 444, NaN, -333.85, NaN
Enumerable.create(-1, 22.57, 444, true, -333.85, false)
          .abs();

// ceil()
// -1, 23, 444, NaN, -333, NaN
Enumerable.create(-1, 22.47, 444, null, -333.85, false)
          .ceil();

// cos()
// 0.004, -0.99996, -0.01
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33)
          .cos();  // complement: arcCos()

// cosH()
// 29937.07, 1792456423.07, 107321789892958.03
Enumerable.create(11, 22, 33)
          .cosH();  // complement: arcCosH()

// exp()
// 2.72, 7.39, 20.09
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3)
          .exp();

// floor()
// -1, 23, 444, NaN, -334, NaN
Enumerable.create(-1, 22.47, 444.0, undefined, -333.85, true)
          .floor();

// log()
// 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 4, 8, 16)
          .log(2);

// pow()
// 1, 4, 9, 16
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
          .pow(2);

// product()
// 24
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
          .product();

// root()
// 1, 2, 3, 4
Enumerable.create(1, 8, 27, 64)
          .root(3);

// round()
// -1, 23, 444, NaN, -334, 2, NaN
Enumerable.create(-1, 22.47, 444.0, undefined, -333.85, 1.5, true)
          .round();

// sin()
// 0.84, 0.91, 0.14
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3)
          .sin();  // complement: arcSin()

// sinH()
// 1.18, 3.63, 10.02
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3)
          .sinH();  // complement: arcSinH()

// sqrt()
// 1, 2, 3, 4
Enumerable.create(1, 4, 9, 16)
          .sqrt();

// sum()
// 10
Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3, 4)
          .sum();

// tan()
// 1.72, -1.76, -0.01
Enumerable.create(111, 222, 333)
          .tan();  // complement: arcTan()

// tanH()
// 0, 0.46, -0.76
Enumerable.create(0, 0.5, -1)
          .tanH();  // complement: arcTanH()

More [↑]

assert [↑]

let seq1 = Enumerable.range(0, 10);
seq1.assert((x) => {
    return x % 2 !== 1;
});  // will throw an exception
     // at second element (1)

let seq2 = Enumerable.range(0, 10);
seq2.assertAll((x) => {
    return x % 2 !== 1;
});  // will throw an aggregated exception
     // at the end
     // for all odd values

chunk [↑]

let seq = Enumerable.range(0, 10);
for (let chunk of seq.chunk(3)) {
    // [0] => [0, 1, 2]
    // [1] => [3, 4, 5]
    // [2] => [6, 7, 8]
    // [3] => [9]
}

clone [↑]

let father = Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2);

// create 3 clones of 'father'
for (let child of father.clone(3)) {
    //TODO
}

// alt: father.clone().take(3)

concat / concatArray [↑]

// 0, 1, 2, 'PZ', 'TM', 'MK'
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2)
          .concat(['PZ'], ['TM', 'MK']);  // alt: append()

// 0, 111, 222, 'pz', 'tm', 'mk'
Enumerable.create(0, 111, 222)
          .concatArray([ [ 'pz', 'tm' ], [ 'mk' ] ]);  // alt: appendArray()

consume [↑]

function createIteratorAndStorage(size) {
    let storage = [];

    return {
        iterator: makeIterator(size, storage),
        storage: storage,
    };
}

function *makeIterator(size, storage) {
    for (let i = 0; i < size; i++) {
        yield i;

        storage.push(i);
    }
}

const OBJ = createIteratorAndStorage(100);

const SEQ = Enumerable.from(OBJ.iterator);
SEQ.consume();  // enumerates the 'iterator' in OBJ
                // and fills the 'storage' in OBJ

defaultIfEmpty / defaultArrayIfEmpty [↑]

// 0, 1, 2
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2)
          .defaultIfEmpty('PZ', 'TM', 'MK');

// 'PZ', 'TM', 'MK'
Enumerable.empty()
          .defaultIfEmpty('PZ', 'TM', 'MK');

// 0, 11, 22
Enumerable.create(0, 11, 22)
          .defaultArrayIfEmpty(['pz', 'tm', 'mk']);
// alt: defaultSequenceIfEmpty()

// 'pz', 'tm', 'mk'
Enumerable.empty()
          .defaultArrayIfEmpty(['pz', 'tm', 'mk']);

forAll [↑]

let arr = [];

try {
    // alt: eachAll()
    Enumerable.range(0, 5).forAll(x => {
        if (x % 2 === 0) {
            throw 'Error in value ' + x;
        }

        arr.push(x);
    });
}
catch (e) {
    // access the list of errors by
    // 'e.errors'

    // e.errors[0] = 'Error in value 0';
    // e.errors[1] = 'Error in value 2';
    // e.errors[2] = 'Error in value 3';
}

// arr[0] === 1
// arr[1] === 3
// arr[2] === 5

intersperse / intersperseArray [↑]

// 0, '-', 1, '-', 2
Enumerable.range(0, 3)
          .intersperse('-');

// -- or --
Enumerable.range(0, 3)
          .intersperseArray( ['-'] );

pipe [↑]

let arr1 = [];
let arr2 = [];

let seq = Enumerable.create(1, 2, 3).pipe((x) => {
    arr1.push(x * 10);
});
for (let item of seq) {
    arr2.push(item);
}

// arr1 = [10, 20, 30]
// arr2 = [1, 2, 3]

popFrom / shiftFrom [↑]

let arr1 = [ 11, 22, 33 ];
for (let item of Enumerable.popFrom(arr1)) {
    // [0] 33
    // [1] 22
    // [2] 11
}
// arr1 is empty now

let arr2 = [ 111, 222, 333 ];
for (let item of Enumerable.shiftFrom(arr2)) {
    // [0] 111
    // [1] 222
    // [2] 333
}
// arr2 is empty now

prepend / prependArray [↑]

// 'PZ', 'TM', 'MK', 0, 1, 2
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2)
          .prepend(['PZ'], ['TM', 'MK']);

// 'pz', 'tm', 'mk', 0, 111, 222
Enumerable.create(0, 111, 222)
          .prependArray([ [ 'pz', 'tm' ], [ 'mk' ] ]);

pushTo [↑]

let arr = [];
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2)
          .pushTo(arr);

// arr: [0, 1, 2]

random [↑]

for (let value of Enumerable.random(10)) {
    // 10 random numbers
    // between 0 and 1
}

for (let value of Enumerable.random(23979,
                                    v => v * 5979)) {
    // 23979 random numbers
    // between 0 and 5979
}

reset [↑]

let seq = Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2);

seq.each(x => {
             console.log(x);
         });

seq.reset()
   .each(x => {
             console.log(x * 2);
         });

trace [↑]

// write items via 'console.trace()'
Enumerable.create(0, 1, 2)
          .trace();

// with formatter
Enumerable.create(1.2, 2.3, 3.45)
          .trace(x => 'Item: ' + x);

Documentation [↑]

The API documentation can be found here.

License [↑]

MIT license

Tests [↑]

Go to the module folder and run

tsc
npm test

to start unit tests from test/ subfolder.

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