什么是xml-conformance-suite，A conformance suite for tools that parse XML.
This is a framework for running the XML conformance suite published by the W3C.
This version includes version 20130923 of the W3C suite.
This suite is a binary pass/fail suite. A lot of this is due to factors outside the control of this project.
First, XML specification does not got into great details as to how errors must be reported. XPath 3.0, for instance, goes to great lengths to specify exacly what error code must be produced when a problem occurs. So it is possible to test an XPath 3.0 implementation to verify that it reports specific problems. Not so for XML.
Second, (and probably due to the previous issue), the automatically actionable information in the W3C suite is not enough for checking specific error conditions. Someone reading the test descriptions and reading the XML of the test cases could figure out what error an XML processor should report. However, it is beyond the scope of this project to check error messages.
The upshot is that a test that expects the XML processor to report an error could pass because the XML processor reports an error for the wrong reason.
The code organized in subdirectories based on language. For now we only have a top level
js you find:
driverswhich contains drivers for various XML parsers. The role of a driver is to pass the test data to a parser, run the parser and return the results to the test suite.
selectionswhich contains… er… selections. A selection is a module which exports a
Selectionclass which determines how the suite is to deal with a test.
frameworkswhich has one subdirectory per test framework for which this suite provides examples of how you can use the suite.
libwhich contains libraries to be used by the drivers, selections and frameworks.
Using the Suite
There are two broad options to run the conformance suite:
Execute a runner from under
runners. This is generally appropriate when you want to just run XML tests in isolation from other kinds of test, and may be helpful when you are setting up or testing your XML test suite configuration. The runner will load the driver you specify and use the selection of tests you specify and will just run these tests.
Build a series of tests by using a builder under
builders. The builders export a
buildfunction which allows you to incorporate the conformance tests as part of larger suite.
In all cases you must specify:
How to run the code under test and determine whether the test was successful or not. You do this by specifying a “driver”.
How to dertermine which test to run and which to skip. You do this by specifying a “selection”.
Using A Runner
You need to disclose the runner to the test framework it is made for and specify the driver and selection on the command line. By convention the driver is specified using the argument
--xml-driver and the selection using the argument
For instance, if you want to use the Mocha runner with the
xmllint driver and the
$ mocha --delay js/frameworks/mocha/runners/basic.js \ --xml-driver=js/drivers/xmllint \ --xml-selection=js/selections/xmllint
By convention, the paths must be relative to the top of this project.
Similarly, you can run the suite on Chrome with the Karma runner like this:
$ karma start js/frameworks/karma/karma.mocha.conf.js \ --browsers=ChromeHeadless \ --single-run \ --xml-driver=js/drivers/dom-parser \ --xml-selection=js/selections/chrome
Selections determine how to handle each tests of the suite. A test may be handled in one of three ways, represented by strings:
"succeeds"indicates that the test runner must expect the XML processor to run without any error.
"fails"indicates that the test runner must expect the XML processor to emit one or more errors.
"skip"indicates that the test runner must ignore the test. This handling makes sense for dealing with tests that an XML processor will never ever pass. A common example is non-validating processors which normally cannot pass tests of type
"invalid". There’s no point is including these tests in the suite, they did not pass yesterday, don’t pass today, and won’t pass tomorrow.
search-tests utility can be used to search through the test suite. Consult its help to learn how to use it. NOTE THAT
search-test IS NOT PART OF THE API. It may radically change or be removed without warning. Such changes won’t be considered to be “breaking changes”.