app-module-path

2018-11-08 admin

app-module-path是什么

什么是app-module-path,Simple module to add additional directories to the Node module search for top-level app modules

app-module-path使用教程帮助文档

NPM

app-module-path

This simple module enables you to add additional directories to the Node.js module search path (for top-level app modules only). This allows application-level modules to be required as if they were installed into the node_modules directory.

Installation

npm install app-module-path --save

Usage

// ***IMPORTANT**: The following line should be added to the very
//                 beginning of your main script!
require('app-module-path').addPath(baseDir);

IMPORTANT: The search path should be modified before any modules are loaded!

Example:

In your my-app/index.js (or my-app/server.js) file:

// Add the root project directory to the app module search path:
require('app-module-path').addPath(__dirname);

Given the following example directory structure:

  • my-app/
    • src/ - Source code and application modules directory
      • foo/ - A module directory
        • index.js
      • bar/ - Another module directory
        • index.js
    • node_modules/ - Installed modules
      • installed-baz/ - An installed module
        • index.js
    • index.js - Main script

The following will work for any modules under the src directory:

// All of the following lines will work in "src/foo/index.js" and "src/bar/index.js":
var foo = require('src/foo'); // Works
var bar = require('src/bar'); // Works
var baz = require('installed-baz'); // Works

Lastly, by design, installed modules (i.e. modules under the node_modules directory) will not be able to require application-level modules so the following will not work:

// All of the following lines will *not* work in "node_modules/installed-baz/index.js"!
var foo = require('src/foo'); // Fails
var bar = require('src/bar'); // Fails

Alternate Usage (app-module-path/register)

This module supports an alternate method of adding a path to the Node.js module search path that requires less code. Requiring or importing the app-module-path/register module will result in the directory of the calling module being added to the Node.js module search path as shown below:

Explicitly enabling a directory/package

By default, app-module-path will not attempt to resolve app modules from a directory that is found to be within a node_modules directory. This behavior can be changed by explicitly enabling app-module-path to work for descendent modules of a specific directory. For example:

var packageDir = path.dirname(require.resolve('installed-module-allowed'));
require('../').enableForDir(packageDir);

ES5

require('app-module-path/register');

// Is equivalent to:
require('app-module-path').addPath(__dirname);

ES6

import "app-module-path/register";

// Is equivalent to:
import { addPath } from 'app-module-path';
addPath(__dirname);

Alternative Usage (app-module-path/cwd)

Additionally, requiring or importing app-module-path/cwd will result in the current working directory of the Node.js process being added to the module search path as shown below:

ES5

require('app-module-path/cwd');

// Is equivalent to:
require('app-module-path').addPath(process.cwd());

ES6

import "app-module-path/cwd";

// Is equivalent to:
import { addPath } from 'app-module-path';
addPath(process.cwd());

Additional Notes

  • Search path order:

    • App module paths will be added to the end of the default module search path. That is, if a module with the same name exists in both a node_modules directory and an application module directory then the module in the node_modules directory will be loaded since it is found first. This behavior is new in v2.x. In v1.x, this search order was reversed
  • Node.js compatibility:

    • This module depends on overriding/wrapping a built-in Node.js method, and it is possible (but unlikely) that this behavior could be broken in a future release of Node.js (at which point a workaround would need to be used)
    • This module will not change or break modules installed into the node_modules directory.
  • Recommendations:

    • Since this module changes the Node.js convention of how non-relative modules are resolved, it is recommended (but not required) to put all app modules in a common directory below the application root (such as my-app/src or my-app/app_modules) and then to add the application root to the search path. The require calls would then be something like require('src/foo') or require('app_modules/foo'). The common prefix makes it more clear that the module can be found in the application’s modules directory and not in the node_modules directory.

Contribute

Pull requests, bug reports and feature requests welcome.

License

BSD-2-Clause

本站文章除注明转载外,均为本站原创或编译。欢迎任何形式的转载,但请务必注明出处。

转载请注明:文章转载自 JavaScript中文网 [https://www.javascriptcn.com]

本文地址:https://www.javascriptcn.com/read-44891.html

文章标题:app-module-path

回到顶部