ember-data.js

2018-06-13 admin

ember-data.js是什么

什么是ember-data.js,A data layer for your Ember applications.

ember-data.js介绍、ember-data.js使用

Ember Data Build StatusCode Climate

Ember Data is a library for robustly managing model data in your Ember.js applications.

Ember Data is designed to be agnostic to the underlying persistence mechanism, so it works just as well with JSON APIs over HTTP as it does with streaming WebSockets or local IndexedDB storage.

It provides many of the facilities you’d find in server-side ORMs like ActiveRecord, but is designed specifically for the unique environment of JavaScript in the browser.

In particular, Ember Data uses Promises/A±compatible promises from the ground up to manage loading and saving records, so integrating with other JavaScript APIs is easy.

Igor Terzic is currently the lead maintainer of Ember Data, while the rest of the core team include Yehuda Katz, Tom Dale, Brendan McLoughlin, Christoffer Persson and Stanley Stuart.

Using Ember Data

Getting Ember Data

Since version 2.3 ember-data is a proper Ember-CLI addon which can be added to your app via:

ember install ember-data

If you need to use a version of ember-data package < 2.3, you need to add the npm package and add the dependency via bower:

npm install ember-data@v2.2.1 --save-dev
bower install ember-data --save

The latest passing build from the “master” branch is available on https://emberjs.com/builds/#/canary.

Similarly, the latest passing build from the “beta” branch can be found on https://emberjs.com/builds/#/beta

Or build ember-data.js yourself. Clone the repository and run npm run production after setup. You’ll find ember-data.js in the dist directory.

Internet Explorer 8

Internet Explorer 8 is no longer supported by Ember Data on versions 2.0 and later.

If you require IE8 support, you can use the 1.13 series of releases. The source code is available on the release-1-13 branch.

Internet Explorer 8 support requires Ember 1.8.1 (which provides a polyfill for Object.create).

Instantiating the Store

In Ember Data, the store is responsible for managing the lifecycle of your models. Every time you need a model or a collection of models, you’ll ask the store for it.

To create a store, you don’t need to do anything. Just by loading the Ember Data library, all of the routes and controllers in your application will get a new store property. This property is an instance of DS.Store that will be shared across all of the routes and controllers in your app.

Defining Your Models

First things first: tell Ember Data about the models in your application. For example, imagine we’re writing a blog reader app.

Here’s what your model definition would look like if you’re using ES6 modules (via ember-cli):

// app/models/blog-post.js
import DS from 'ember-data';

const { attr, hasMany } = DS;

export default DS.Model.extend({
  title: attr('string'),
  createdAt: attr('date'),

  comments: hasMany('comment')
});

// app/models/comment.js
import DS from 'ember-data';

const { attr, belongsTo } = DS;

export default DS.Model.extend({
  body: attr('string'),
  username: attr('string'),

  post: belongsTo('blog-post')
});

A Brief Note on Adapters

Without immediately diving in to the depths of the architecture, one thing you should know is that Ember Data uses an object called an adapter to know how to talk to your server.

An adapter is just an object that knows how to translate requests from Ember Data into requests on your server. For example, if I ask the Ember Data store for a record of type person with an ID of 123, the adapter translates that into an XHR request to (for example) api.example.com/v3/person/123.json.

By default, Ember Data will use the JSONAPIAdapter, which adheres to the JSON-API spec.

To learn more about adapters, including what conventions the various adapters follow and how to build your own, see the Ember.js Guides: Customizing Adapters.

Fetching a Collection of Models

From your route or controller:

this.store.findAll('blog-post');

This returns a promise that resolves to the collection of records.

Fetching a Single Model

this.store.findRecord('blog-post', 123);

This returns a promise that resolves to the requested record. If the record can’t be found or there was an error during the request, the promise will be rejected.

Even More Documentation

For much more detail on how to use Ember Data, see the Ember.js Guides on models.

Building Ember Data

  1. Ensure that Node.js and yarn are installed.
  2. Run yarn install to ensure the required dependencies are installed.
  3. Run npm run production to build Ember Data. The builds will be placed in the dist/ directory.

Contribution

See CONTRIBUTING.md

How to Run Unit Tests

Setup

  1. Install Node.js from http://nodejs.org or your favorite package manager.

  2. Install Ember CLI. npm install -g ember-cli

  3. Run yarn install inside the project root to install the JS dependencies.

In Your Browser

  1. To start the development server, run npm start.

  2. Visit http://localhost:4200/tests

From the CLI

  1. Install phantomjs from http://phantomjs.org

  2. Run npm test

本站文章除注明转载外,均为本站原创或编译。欢迎任何形式的转载,但请务必注明出处。

转载请注明:文章转载自 JavaScript中文网 [https://www.javascriptcn.com]

本文地址:https://www.javascriptcn.com/read-33928.html

文章标题:ember-data.js

回到顶部